About the Role of North- and Baltic Sea during 
Winter 2013/14 and human impact!

Started on 03 January 2014, and will be continued.

    1st Part (03 Jan.2014)  ; Part 2 (06. Jan. 2014); Part 3 (12. Jan.2014)
Part 4 (20.Jan14),
Part 6 (9.Feb.14) ; Part 7 (22.Feb.14)


Part 5: Cold ante portas! Baltic Sea prevents west-move.
For how long?
Posted: 30 January 2014 (www.2007seatraining.de, 11c)

 The first cold arrived in the Baltic countries last week. Today Minsk , Vilnius & Riga face temperatures well below minus 20”C, while Stockholm and Visby get away with about minus 5°C., Fig. 1.  The difference over such shot distance is remarkable. ‘Father Frost’ has arrived, Fig. 2, but stopped at eastern Baltic coast line.

Fig. 1

Fig. 2

The influence of the sea in the current situation can easily be proved (Fig.3).  Air temperature above the sea is significantly warmer than over land. SST is still not far away from average,  (Fig. 4). Only nine days ago there was still a significant surplus, see 20. Jan. 2014, showing that heat-supply from sea to air was immense over the last two weeks.

Fig. 3

Fig. 4

This is underlined by well below sea ice cover (Fig. 5 & 6), and that the forecast indicates that this will not change much until mid February, (Fig. 7). SST in the Finnish Gulf , Skagerrak, and North Sea , particularly parts that have high shipping activities, are still above average.

Fig. 5

Fig. 6

  Fig. 7

 Current global situation is shown in (Fig. 8 & 9). Arctic SST anomalies: Fig.10. Today’s weather map Atlantic/Europe: Fig. 11.

Fig. 8

Fig. 9

Fig. 10

Fig. 11

 Western Europe will not see ‘Father Frost’ reign up to the Atlantic for the time being. The change may come in the second half of February. At about that time NW-Europe’s regional and coastal sea region will have lost a lot of their heat reserves. Like last year: a late winter, respectively a very cold and lasting spring.

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 European winter 2012/13 and spring 2013, documented at: 

14. May 2013Met Office brainstorms UK bad weather, titles THE GUARDIAN – 13. May 2013 (ocl_7-9) 
02 May 2013: Cold spring 2013 in NW-Europe will last through May.
The Atlantic & North Sea factor. (co_8-4)
23. April 2013: Met-Off loose talk on cold March 2013? North and Baltic Sea should not be ignored! (ocl_9-8)

11. April 2013: 'Urgent' need to see if Arctic affects UK extreme cold? No! MetOffice should investigate the impact of human activities in the North- and Baltic Sea ! (co_9-4)
03 April 2013: Did the cold March 2013 came from Siberia ? A not well founded claim! (ocl_9-9)
29 March 2013: Cold March 2013 in company with March 1942 & 1917 (co 10-2) 
27. March 2013: Strong Start – Strong Ending; Winter 2012/13. About the Role of North- and Baltic Sea (2007seatraining 1310)
26. March 2013; March 2013 snow in the UK and the North Sea . Did human activities contributed? (ocl 10_2)
21 March 2013; Cold March 2013 in UK and North Europe science should be able to explain! (ocl_10-3)
07 March 2013:  Winter 2012/13 for Northern Europe is over! The Baltic and North Sea will prevent a surprise in March! (ocl-10_4)
19. January 2013: Northern Europe's bulwark against Asian cold from 19-31. (oc_12-8)
14. January 2013: North- and Baltic Sea influence Europe ’s winter 2012/2013 until now. (ocl_12_6)
09 December 2012 (+ 21 & 26 Dec) : Are we heading to severe Baltic Sea ice conditions by 30th December 2012? (2007seatraining)



 Part 1:  (03 Jan.2014)  
Mild December 2013 caused by off-shore wind farms and human activities in North- and Baltic Sea ?

Will winter 2013/14 show an anthropogenic impact?

03 January 2014 (seatraining2007_1412a)  

Part 2: (06 Jan. 2014)

Part 2: North Atlantic dominated December 2014 weather in Europe .
Continental Asian cold was hold at bay.  

Part 3: (08 January 2014
Part 3: What will bring winter to Europe ?
Posted 08 January 2013 (2007seatraing.de; 1412c)  
+ Add 1 (12.Jan.2014) Flooding in UK

To be continued