Dr. Arnd Bernaerts

Eight lectures - 2013 
Each about 24 slides

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Three Extreme Winter 1939/40, 1940/41 & 1941/42 Man Made
Due to Naval Warfare

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Only four months needed for a man made extreme winter

The naval war share – A proof in three steps!

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Cold Pole over Skagerrak  
Winter 1940/41.
Occupation of Norway contribute 
to extreme winter.

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Worst weather forecast ever finished Blitzkrieg on 5th December 1941!
How Hitler shot himself in the foot! Failure of meteorology - a boon to mankind!

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rd Extreme War Winter 1941/42 was predictable! 
Naval war caused weather that stopped Wehrmacht to reach Moscow

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Two World Wars! Two Climate Changes!
The Role of Naval Warfare!

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Did Naval War in the Pacific 
contribute to climate change?
PDO shift 1943/46 & Japan ’s record temperatures 1945. 

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Arctic Warming 1919-1939. 
Did Four Years Naval
War Started It?


Everyone has their own view of the
weather and climate!

 To whom it may concern               January 22, 2020  

Re: Why is the climate discussion getting out of hand and leading to verbal attacks on people from business and politics?

Dear Sir,

the reasoning is very simple: science is unable to define the term “climate” in general and in a scientifically usable way. The term is used like any layperson since the Greek era over 2000 years ago.
It has never been defined.

More than 5 billion adults live on Earth. Everyone has their own view of the weather and climate and describes it as it suits them, for the moment or given circumstances.

In contrast, science has proven unable to define one of the two terms in an understandable and scientifically comprehensible manner (see HERE). That is why I was not afraid to speak in a more recent paper pointedly of 'objective deception' when science uses the term climate (see HERE)

In such a situation, it is difficult to defend yourself against the accusation that you fail with 'climate protection'.

My work in this area over the past 30 years has mainly focused on the Int. Maritime Law (UNCLOS 1982) -  - to use this treaty to understand the atmosphere and protect it from anthropogenic influences. A brief overview of this work results from various publications, is available HERE.

 Sincerely yours
Arnd Bernaerts


Weather and climate are everyday slang words
and misleading when used by science.

People defend your ‘climate’ - as you use it for 2000 years


Posted 22nd December 2019

During the last half Century the world has a big problem. Science abuse the  layman terms used since time immemorial: weather and climate. Every term is closer connected to every person than his shirt and that for 24 hours and every day throughout his life. Alexander von Humboldt (1769 –1859), the great German naturalist and geographer defined climate as 'all the changes in the atmosphere that perceptibly affect our organs'. According A.v.Humboldt, ‘climate’ was even closer to the skin of any person as his dresses during day and night.  The Intellectuals in those days lived closer to nature as academics nowadays.
 There are probably few people who can explain how the climate affects their organs, but they presumably would agree, describing the aspect as follows:  ........cont.

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Northern Europe’s Mild Winters.
Contributions from Offshore Industry, Ships, Fishery, et cetera?

December 2015 - Hamburg, Germany

Abstract: The marine environment of North Sea and Baltic is one of the most heavily strained by numerous human activities. Simultaneously water and air temperatures increase more than elsewhere in Europe and globally, which cannot be explained with ‘global warming’. The climatic change issue would be better understood if this extraordinary regional warming is sufficiently explained. The regional features are unique for in-depth studies due to different summer-winter conditions, shallowness of the seas, geographical structure, and main pathway for maritime weather patterns moving eastwards. The impact of sea activities on the seasonal sea water profile structure is contributing to stronger regional warming, change in growing season, and less severe sea ice conditions. The impact of the man, whether small or large, should be understood very soon and very thoroughly.

Keywords: Human maritime activities, sea temperature increase, North Sea and Baltic warming, change in seasonality, sea ice decrease.

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HMS ‘Rawalpindi’ Sinking and Cyclone formation
 The Atlantic Naval Drama 23 – 27 November 1939
Text excerpt form book: “Climate Change & Naval War” 2005

The first sea engagement of naval surface vessels in the North Atlantic occurred in late November 1939. This naval encounter was immediately followed by a rapid decrease in air pressure by more than 50 mb in 48 hours. Can a 15 minutes’ shelling of 600-pound shells produce sufficient ‘butterfly-effect’ to turn a modest low air pressure into a violent cyclone?

Weather was fair on Thursday the 23rd November 1939, Southeast of Iceland, about 200 miles west of the Faroe Island. The big and modern German battleships Gneisenau and Scharnhorst sailed in a flotilla of six naval vessels, when they saw HM Armed Merchant Cruiser Rawalpindi at some distance.

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 Previous Posts

New April 2015 (Click to read all) 

Arctic sea ice record low - 02/25/2015
and human offshore activities not to blame – at least a bit?

Introduction: Barents and Okhotsk Sea in focus
posted 17. April 2015 - Continue reading ....


Offshore Wind-parks and mild Winters.

Contribution from Ships, Fishery, Windparks etc.
Posted: February 2015

Entire post in:     English    French   German     Polish

The effect of stirring

The actual winter 2014/15 is up to now no winter in Northern Europa (Fig. 1-2). Can anthropogene activities in the North Sea, Baltic and coastal seas be made partly responsible? Presumably yes! Stirring hot coffee will cool it down. At the end of August the sea areas have gained their maximum potential of warmth. Many ship propellers are plowing through the sea stirring the surface layer to a depth of 15 meters. In the North Sea and Baltic there are continuously up to ten thousand large motor ships at sea. Several thousand offshore facilities on the bottom of the sea or anchored offshore rigs divert currents at sea and influence tides and currents as a permanent resistance against the normal flow of huge amounts of ocean water. (Fig. 3-8) The result is like stirring hot soup. Warm water will come to the surface and the heat will supply the atmosphere with warmth. The air will become warmer and the winters will be milder. The correlation is not to be overseen. It is not relevant to climate research or agencies allowing offshore structures who do not consider such evaluations.

Strong warming during winter season.

The situation at the beginning of the evaluation is obvious. In Europe the mean average temperature during the last century has risen by 0.9C………………… 

Continue reading HERE →            AT:

Satellite images and Juno-January-2015 Blizzard
demonstrate ocean supremacy
Posted 30 January 2015

How serious is MetOffice to understand
a “weather bomb”

posted: 14 December 2014

Reference MetOffice/UK-text:

The matter is about exceptions. Somewhere between 45 and 65 “weather bombs” occur worldwide per year, with more ‘bombs’ occurring in the northern than southern hemisphere, says MetOffice (12 Dec.14) explaining that term as a rapid fall in central pressure of a depression (or low pressure) – it has to fall by 24 millibars in 24 hours in our latitudes to meet the criterion, providing as example the maps from 8th and 9th December 2014 at noon (HERE)



08 Dec.2014 - north-west Atlantic at midday
968 millibar

09 Dec. 2014 – south-west of Iceland , 12h
942 millibar

 75 years ago World War II was just three months old. On 30th November 1939 The Soviet Union attacked Finland . Naval war activities took place in all sea areas from the Biscay to the North Cape . Only three weeks later, a highly spectacular weather event took place on the longest night north of the Arctic Circle off Roest (Lofoten) near the Norwegian port of Narvik . Actually on 20December 1939 a cyclone developed quickly, pushing the prevailing air pressure down by 54.6 mb in 24 hours.



20 Dec. 1939 - Roest/Lofoten;
About 1015 millibar

21 Dec. 1939 - Roest/Lofoten;
< 975 millibar

 The Swedish Weather Annual for December 1939 reported this event noting that the air pressure fell by 12mm within three hours. This matches with hurricane conditions. In addition to this development, the course of the cyclone over the next few days, according to weather charts of “Deutsche Seewarte” is quite interesting:
___ Thursday, 21 December 8  a.m. , 975 mb, ca 100 miles west of Roest/Lofoten;
___Friday , 22 December, 8  a.m., 970 mb, Lula/Sweden ( north Baltic Sea);
___Saturday, 23 December, 8  a.m. 980 mb, Ladoga Lake;
___Sunday, 24 December, 8 a.m., 980 mb, ca. 100 miles south of Leningrad.
 What triggered  the development of this exceptional cyclone in the first place? Discussed here: 
                                                 see EXAMPLE 5.

The principle trigger must have been the ocean off the Lofoten, and other naval activities from Dover to Leningrad may have contributed. The Met Office is well advised to offer competent explanation for such extraordinary event. Their reasoning about the recent “weather-bomb”, would have indicated that the interior of the sea between Greenland and Iceland has caused it.

Back to Top

02 May 2013: Cold spring 2013 in NW-Europe will last through May. The Atlantic & North Sea factor. (co_8-4)
23. April 2013: Met-Off loose talk on cold March 2013? North and Baltic Sea should not be ignored! (ocl_9-8)

11. April 2013: 'Urgent' need to see if Arctic affects UK extreme cold? No! MetOffice should investigate the impact of human activities in the North- and Baltic Sea ! (co_9-4)  
more see right column


Material in English

New Book 2012
232 pages

"Failures of Meteorology!
Unable to Prevent Climate Changes and World Wars?"


Previous Essays


Atlantic SST, 1998

PDF            WORD

Black Sea, GKSS; 1997



Pacific SST, 1997

PDF             WORD

Pacon, ITLOS, 1997

PDF             WORD

Peace to Ocean, 1996

PDF             WORD

Sea Law Inst., 1994

PDF          WORD

Peace to Ocean, 1994

PDF           WORD

LOS, 1994

PDF          WORD

LOS, 1993

PDF             WORD

Climate, GKSS, 1992

PDF             WORD

Nature, Letter, 1992

PDF             WORD


Previous Comments

The cold March 2013 and any anthropogenic contribution
needs to be investigated and explained!

03 April 2013: Did the cold March 2013 came from Siberia ? A not well founded claim! (ocl_9-9) 
29 March 2013: Cold March 2013 in company with March 1942 & 1917 (co 10-2)  
27. March 2013: Strong Start – Strong Ending; Winter 2012/13. About the Role of North- and Baltic Sea (2007seatraining 1310)

 2013 snow in the UK and the North Sea . Did human activities contributed? (ocl 10_2) 
21 March 2013; Cold March 2013 in UK and North Europe science should be able to explain! (ocl_10-3) 
07 March 2013:  Winter 2012/13 for Northern Europe is over! The Baltic and North Sea will prevent a surprise in March! (ocl-10_4)
19. January 2013: Northern Europe's bulwark against Asian cold from 19-31. (oc_12-8)    

14. January 2013: North- and Baltic Sea influence Europe ’s winter 2012/2013 until now. (ocl_12_6) 
09 December 2012 (+ 21 & 26 Dec) : Are we heading to severe Baltic Sea ice conditions by 30th December 2012? (2007seatraining)